Category Archives: Resources

Waterloo Campaign 1815 Resources


440px-Napoleon_French_Lancer_by_BellangeBattle of Waterloo two armies versus one

Napoleons Guard at Waterloo

Wikipedia Waterloo

Karl von Clauswitz 1815 campaign

Wellington Waterloo Dispatch


Organisation tactics and technology

RICHAR~2Karl v Clauswitz Principles of War   Primer/ notes for educating Prussian princes to be generals. An idiots guide to commanding troops in battle.

Napoleon Military Maxims   Napoleon’s maxims dictated at St Helena

The Art of War Baron Jomini


1272Ensign Barton 3rd Battalion Grenadier Guards

Ensign William Leeke 52nd Light Infantry. Aged 17 at Waterloo.  His account is a free download from Google books.

Captain Gronow Grenadier Guards He memoirs are free on the internet

Harry Smith 95th Rifles  Brigade major to General Lambert – memoirs online

Captain John Kincaid. 95th Rifles   Adventures in the Rifle Brigade free online

Personal accounts by Lieutenant Hamilton in the history of the Royal Scots Dragoons

Two accounts by Dutch soldiers

Comments by Ensign George Keppel, aged 16 and one month in this article on the 3rd Battalion the 14th (Buckinghamshire) Regiment at Waterloo.

Research Papers

BattleHougamont1The Story of Thomas Plunkett 95th Rifles. Best shot in the army, died a homeless itinerant.

Rations in the Napoleonic Wars

Camp Followers

Two women soldiers. Sarah Taylor 21 years in the 15th Light Dragoons and Johanna Stain ten years in the Kings German Legion

Contemporary accounts of military executions

Where Have All the Regiments Gone? The Modern Descendants of the Regiments of the 1815 British Army  This link is to the Cavalry units.  There is a further link to the guards and infantry

Education in the British Army in Napoleonic times.

Training in Napoleon’s Army

Sir John Moore and the Universal Soldier: The Man the Commander and the Shorncliffe System of Training  Downloadable book on Academia

Advice to Officers of the British Army. Tongue in cheek commentary on military misbehavior at the end of the 18th Century.

To the Quarter-Master:  The leading maxim of your office is to receive whatever is offered you, or you can get hold of, but not to part with any thing you can keep. Your store-room must resemble the lion’s den….

To Subalterns: The fashion of your clothes must depend on that ordered in the corps ;  that is to say, must be in direct opposition to it : for it would shew a deplorable poverty of genius, if you had not some ideas of your own in dress.


Recommended Modern Texts

French_cuirassiers_vs_NassauersAdkin, Mark (2001), The Waterloo Companion, Aurum, ISBN 1-85410-764-X  (Expensive but very good)

Barbero, Alessandro (2005), The Battle: A New History of Waterloo, Atlantic Books, ISBN 1-84354-310-9 (one of the best single volume histories)

Bassford, C, Moran D and Pedlow D, (Ed) Carl von Clausewitz and Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. On Waterloo: Clausewitz, Wellington, and the Campaign of 1815., 2010. ISBN-10: 1453701508. ISBN-13: 9781453701508. 318pp. (Free online)

Burnod, General.,  (1827) The Military Maxims of Napoleon.  (Free via Digital attic)

Clausewitz, Carl von. Principles of War. [Originally “Die wichtigsten Grundsätze des Kriegfuhrens zur Ergänzung meines Unterrichts bei Sr. Koniglichen Hoheit dem Kronprinzen.” Clausewitz’s memorandum for the Crown Prince.] Trans. Hans W. Gatzke. Harrisburg, PA: 1942; reprinted in Stackpole Books, Roots of Strategy, Book 2: 3 Military Classics. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1987 (Free online)

Field, Andrew,  (2012) Waterloo The French Perspective, Pen and Sword. (The French point of view)

Hamilton-Williams, David (1993), Waterloo. New Perspectives. The Great Battle Reappraised, London: Arms & Armour Press, ISBN 0-471-05225-6 (Rehabilitating the Dutch and Belgians)

Hofschröer, Peter (1999), 1815: The Waterloo Campaign. The German Victory 2, London: Greenhill Books, ISBN 978-1-85367-368-9

Hofschröer, Peter (2005), Waterloo 1815: Quatre Bras and Ligny, London: Leo Cooper, ISBN 978-1-84415-168-4

Other Works

tartte28Bas, F de, and J. De T’Serclaes de Wommersom (1909), La campagne de 1815 aux Pays-Bas d’après les rapports officiels néerlandais. Tomes: I: Quatre-Bras. II: Waterloo. III: Annexes et notes. IV: supplément: cartes et plans, Bruxelles: Librairie Albert de Wit Beamish,

Black J,  Waterloo, (2012) Icon

Boller, Jr., Paul F.; George, John (1989), They Never Said It: A Book of Fake Quotes, Misquotes, and Misleading Attributions, New York: Oxford University Press, p. 12, ISBN 0-19-505541-1

Bonaparte, Napoleon (1869), “No. 22060”, in Polon, Henri; Dumaine, J., Correspondance de Napoléon Ier; publiée par ordre de l’empereur Napoléon III (1858) 28, pp. 292, 293.

Booth, John (1815), The Battle of Waterloo: Containing the Accounts Published by Authority, British and Foreign, and Other Relevant Documents, with Circumstantial Details, Previous and After the Battle, from a Variety of Authentic and Original Sources (2 ed.), London: printed for J. Booth and T. Ergeton; Military Library, Whitehall (Free online)

Boulger, Demetrius C. deK. (1901), Belgians at Waterloo: With Translations of the Reports of the Dutch and Belgian Commanders, London

Bowden, Scott (1983). Armies at Waterloo: a detailed analysis of the armies that fought history’s greatest Battle. Empire Games Press. ISBN 0-913037-02-8.

Chandler, David (1966). The Campaigns of Napoleon. New York: Macmillan.

Chandler, David (1981) [1980]. Waterloo: The Hundred Days. Osprey Publishing.

Chandler, David (1999) [1979]. Dictionary of the Napoleonic Wars. Wordsworth editions. ISBN 1-84022-203-4.Chandler, David (1966), The Campaigns of Napoleon, New York: Macmillan

Chandler David (1980) Atlas of Military Strategy: The Art, Theory and Practice of War, 1618-1878; Arms and Armour Press.

Chesney, Charles C. (1907), Waterloo Lectures: A Study Of The Campaign Of 1815, Longmans, Green, and Co, ISBN 1-4286-4988-3

Comte d’Erlon, Jean-Baptiste Drouet (1815), Drouet’s account of Waterloo to the French Parliament, Napoleon Bonaparte Internet Guid, archived from the original on 8 October 2007, retrieved 14 September 2007

Corrigan, Gordon (2006), Wellington (reprint, eBook ed.), Continuum International Publishing Group, p. 327, ISBN 9780826425904

Cotton, Edward (1849), A voice from Waterloo. A history of the battle, on 18 June 1815., London: B.L. Green

Creasy, Sir Edward (1877), The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World: from Marathon to Waterloo, London: Richard Bentley & Son, ISBN 0-306-80559-6

Davies, Huw (2012), Wellington’s Wars: The Making of a Military Genius (illustrated ed.), Yale University Press, p. 244, ISBN 9780300164176

Eenens, A.M (1879), “Dissertation sur la participation des troupes des Pays-Bas a la campagne de 1815 en Belgique”, in: Societé royale des beaux arts et de litérature de Gand, Messager des Sciences Historiques, Gand: Vanderhaegen

Fitchett, W. H. (2006) [1897], “Chapter: King-making Waterloo”, Deeds that Won the Empire. Historic Battle Scenes, London: John Murray (Project Gutenberg)

Fletcher, Ian (1994), Wellington’s Foot Guards, 52 of Elite Series (illustrated ed.), Osprey Publishing, ISBN 1-85532-392-3

Frye, W. E. (2004) [1908], After Waterloo: Reminiscences of European Travel 1815–1819, Project Gutenberg, retrieved 2013-06-14

Glover, G. (2004), Letters from the Battle of Waterloo: the unpublished correspondence by Allied officers from the Siborne papers, London: Greenhill, ISBN 978-1-85367-597-3

Glover, Gareth (2007), From Corunna to Waterloo: the Letters and Journals of Two Napoleonic Hussars, 1801–1816, London: Greenhill Books

Graf v Gneisenau,  The life and campaigns of Field-Marshal Prince Blücher of Wahlstatt translated in part from the German of Count Gneisenau. London: Constable. 1815 repr. 1996. ISBN 0-09-476640-1.

Gronow, R. H. (1862), Reminiscences of Captain Gronow, London, ISBN 1-4043-2792-4

Hoorebeeke, C. van (September–October 2007), “Blackman, John-Lucie : pourquoi sa tombe est-elle à Hougomont?”, Bulletin de l’Association belge napoléonienne (118): 6–21 Houssaye, Henri (1900), Waterloo (translated from the French), London

Hugo, Victor (1862), “Chapter VII: Napoleon in a Good Humor”, Les Miserables, The Literature Network, archived from the original on 12 October 2007, retrieved 14 September 2007

Jomini, Antoine-Henri (1864), The Political and Military History of the Campaign of Waterloo (3 ed.), New York; D. Van Nostrand (Translated by Benet S.V.) (free online)

Kincaid, Captain J., Rifle Brigade., Waterloo, 18 June 1815: The Finale, website Letters of War by Christopher Cook, archived from the original on 27 September 2007, retrieved 14 September 2007

London Lozier, J.F. “What was the name of Napoleon’s horse?”. The Napoleon Series. Retrieved 29 March 2009.

Longford, Elizabeth (1971), Wellington the Years of the Sword, London: Panther, ISBN 0-586-03548-6

Low, E. Bruce (1911), “The Waterloo Papers”, in MacBride, M., With Napoleon at Waterloo,

Ludlow, N.  (1995) [1832], History of the King’s German Legion, Dallington: Naval and Military Press, ISBN 0-9522011-0-0

Mantle, Robert (December 2000), Prussian Reserve Infantry 1813–1815: Part II: Organisation, Napoleonic Association, retrieved June 2013.

Mercer, A.C. (1870), “Waterloo, 18 June 1815: The Royal Horse Artillery Repulse Enemy Cavalry, late afternoon”, Journal of the Waterloo Campaign: Kept Throughout the Campaign of 1815 2, retrieved 14 September 2007

Miller, David (January 2006), Duchess of Richmond’s Ball, Spellmount, ISBN 1-86227-229-8


Parry, D.H. (1900), “Waterloo”, Battle of the nineteenth century 1, London: Cassell and Company, retrieved 14 September 2007

Pawly, Ronald (2001), Wellington’s Belgian Allies, Men at Arms nr 98. 1815, Osprey, pp. 37–43

Roberts, Andrew (2001), Napoleon and Wellington, London: Phoenix Press, ISBN 1-84212-480-3

Roberts, Andrew (2005), Waterloo: 18 June 1815, the Battle for Modern Europe, New York: HarperCollins, ISBN 0-06-008866-4

Siborne, Herbert Taylor (1891), The Waterloo Letters, London: Cassell & Co.

Siborne, William (1990) [1844], The Waterloo Campaign (4 ed.), London: Greenhill Books, ISBN 1-85367-069-3

Smith, Digby (1998), The Greenhill Napoleonic Wars Data Book, London & Pennsylvania: Greenhill Books & Stackpole Books, ISBN 1-85367-276-9

Summerville, Christopher J (2007), Who was who at Waterloo: a biography of the battle, Pearson Education, ISBN 978-0-582-78405-5

Uffindell, A (2006) The Eagle’s Last Triumph: Napoleon’s Victory at Ligny, June 1815; Greenhill.

Weller, J. (1992), Wellington at Waterloo, London: Greenhill Books, ISBN 1-85367-109-6

Wellesley, Arthur (1815), “Wellington’s Dispatches 19 June 1815”, War Times Journal (Archives)

White, John (14 December 2011), Burnham, Robert, ed., Cambronne’s Words, Letters to The Times (June 1932), the Napoleon Series, archived from the original on 25 August 2007, retrieved 14 September 2007

Wit, Pierre de. “Part 5: The last Anglo-Dutch-German reinforcements and the Anglo-Dutch-German advance”. The campaign of 1815: a study,. p. 3. Retrieved June 2012.

XIII Corps 1 July 1916

18 Infantry Division Artillery 1 July Reduced
This map was issued with the 18th Division artillery orders dated 19th June 1916. 

18 Infantry Division Artillery 1 JulyThe above map is shows the divisional and group boundaries and lifts.  It is very similar to the map issued by RA 29th Division except the individual battery targets are not marked.

The innovative procedure is the barrage map, which is unlike any other maps for 1st July 1916. It is a technical drawing from which individual gun data can be calculated.

18 Inf div barrage map reduced
This barrage map is unlike any other maps for 1st July 1916. It is a technical drawing from which individual gun data can be calculated.

From 1916 to 1945 the creeping barrage was an important artillery technique favoured by the british Army.

sangro barrage map

Artillery map for XIII Corps Heavy Artillery.

XIII_Corps_HA_1 July

Cold War Material


Strategic Setting

Operational setting



I BR Corps Deployment

Approximate 1 BR Corps deplopyment 1988

NorthAG Counterstroke

Counter stroke trace


BAOR Road Map

BAOR Road Map Reduced
Extract from BAOR Road map 1:500,000 GSGS 5070 series 9 – 1980s roadmap

3 MB file here

I BR Corps Road Map Extracts

Hildesheim -Braunschwieg – the Pin Table
1 BR Corps map extract_Northern Extension_reduced
1 BR Corps 1:100,000 Map the Pin Table Area NC 6077 – PD0005

3 MB image here

Area of 1 BR Corps 1:100,000 map extract NC/PC Eastings 62-02 Northings 49-77
Area of 1 BR Corps 1:100,000 map extract NC/PC Eastings 62-02 Northings 49-77

3 MB image here

Weser Valley Minden-Hameln
1 BR Corps map extract_R Weser_reduced
1 Br Corps 1:100,000 map extract Weser Valley 9568-3695

3 MB image here

Abberode -Lochtum Inner German Border

BAOR Road map 1:100,000 IGB area PD0755- 6212

4Mb image here

Briefing material

NATO’S Northern Army Group


Download here

Threat Material


This poster sized publication folded down to a pocket sized  aide memoir covering Warsaw Pact equipment , organisations and tactics.

Threat Aide Memoir side 1_Reduced

High resolution version here

Threat Aide Memoir side 2 reduced

High resolution version here



The British Army First World War Battlefield Guide Volume 1 The Western Front

afwwbg_coverThe British Army First World War Battlefield Guide should be the background reading for any battlefield study to the western Front.  It has been edited by retried major general Mungo Melvin, one of the leading practitioners in the art of the staff ride.

He has drawn on the resources of the British Commission for Military  History, of which he is currently the Secretary General.  The  contributors are from across the spectrum of contemporary British military history, illustrated by Barbara Taylor.

This has been made widely available for the officers and NCOs accompanying the  schools centenary programme.

An electronic version is available here.


Preface Lord Astor of Hever
Foreword Sir Hew Strachan
Introduction Mungo Melvin
The Principal Commanders, 1914-1918
Introduction to the Second Edition Mungo Melvin

The Battles

1. The Battle of Mons, 23 August 1914   Mungo Melvin
2. The Battle of Le Cateau, 26 August 1914 Spencer Jones
3. The First Battle of the Marne, 5-12 September 1914 Tim Gale
4. The First Battle of the Aisne, 12 September — 15 October 1914 Frank Baldwin
5. The First Battle of Ypres, 19 October — 22 November 1914 John Lee
6. The Battle of Neuve Chapelle, 10-12 March 1915 Michael Orr
7. The Second Battle of Ypres, 22 April- 25 May 1915 John Lee
8. The Battles of Aubers Ridge and Festubert, 9 & 16-27 May 1915 Michael Orr
9. The Second and Third Battles of Artois, 9 May- 18 June & 25 September-15 October 1915 Christophe Gue
10. The Battle of Loos, 25 September — 15 October 1915 Michael Orr
11. The Battle ofVerdun, 21 February — 20 December 1916 Frank Baldwin
12. The Battle of the Somme, 1 July — 18 November 1916 John Ross
13. The Battle of Arras, 9 April- 16 May 1917, John Peaty
14. The Second Battle of the Aisne (the Nivelle Offensive), 16 April-9May 1917 Frank Baldwin
15. The Battle of Messines, 7-14 June 1917 Edward Madigan
16. The Third Battle ofYpres (Passchendaele) 31 July — 20 November 1917 Jeremy Pughe-Morgan
17. The Battle of la Malmaison, 17-25 October 1917 Christophe Gue
18. The Battle of Cambrai, 20 November — 6 December 1917 Charles Messenger
19. Operation MICHAEL, 21 March — 5 April 1918 David T. Zabecki
20. Operation GEORGETTE (The Battle of the Lys), 9-29 April 1918 David T. Zabecki
21. The First Tank vs. Tank Action in History, Villers-Bretonneux, 24 April 1918 Geoffrey Vesey Holt
22. Operation BLUCHER (The Third Battle of the Aisne), 27 May — 5 June 1918 David T. Zabecki
23. The Battle of Belleau Wood, 6-26 June 1918 David T. Zabecki
24. The Battle of le Hamel, 4 July 1918 Geoffrey Vesey Holt
25. The Second Battle of the Marne, 15 July — 6 August 1918 Tim Gale
26. The Battle of Amiens, 8-11 August 1918 Gary Sheffeld
27. The Meuse Argonne Offensive, 26 September — 11 November 1918 Douglas Mastriano
28. The Battles for the Hindenburg Line, 27 September — 9 October 1918 Jonathan Boff

Supporting Essays

29. The Royal Navy and the First World War Stephen Prince
30. The First World War — A Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) and the Birth of the Modern Style ofWarfare Jonathan Bailey
31. The Development of Air Power, 1914-1918 Seb Cox
32. The Development of Artillery on the Western Front James Cook
33. Tanks in the First World War David Fletcher
34. The Development of Military Engineering on the Western Front Michael Crawshaw
35. Mapping and Survey on the Western Front John Peaty
36. Logistic and Medical Support on the Western Front Alistair McC|uskey
37. A Brief Overview of British Communications on the Western Front Bob Evans
38. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission Colin Kerr

Cold War Document Pack

For anyone wishing to explore the battlefields of the Cold War, we have probably the most extensive collection of material relating to the role of the British Army in Germany in the Cold War, including  a copy of the reading pack for Ex United Shield 2009.

wx united sheild reader

 Threat Posters Aide Memoirs and magazines


Threat Aide Memoir side 1

I BR Corps Battle Notes


Nuclear Operations – Tactics

Nuclear Ops

Exercise papers


and more….